Many globose flower heads grow in panicles. The basal rosette of leaves stays close to the ground the first year and the beginning of the second. Stem branched, rough, usually sparsely hairy. « on: August 04, 2016, 18:11 » Does anyone know if there is a major difference in the amount of root produced by the 2 different varieties. What are synonyms for lesser burdock? Posts: 23. posted 4 years ago. This species can spread rapidly through the dispersal of its hooked fruits, which attach themselves to clothing and animal fur. 15 replies 1 4. plants. Gynoecium composed of 2 fused carpels. Burdock collects nutrition for its roots for a whole year, sometimes more, before their flowering time. Antonyms for lesser burdock. Stem leaves are large, heart-shaped, and very hairy on the undersides. That has been the favourite sunny spot for some of the more interesting flies, enabling me to get some good images. Lesser burdock and wood burdock (A. nemorosum), which look very alike, can grow in the same places. All rights reserved. Hollow petiole to the basal leaves. The taproot of young burdock plants can be harvested and eaten as a root vegetable. Greater burdock is very similar to lesser burdock but grows much taller. Lesser Burdock can be found all over the UK and Ireland apart from inland mountainous areas of Scotland since it can tolerate a greater range of soils than can Greater Burdock. In southern Europe a tincture was made of its roots, which was used to externally treat skin diseases such as pustules, acne and boils. greater burdock Arctium minus lesser burdock Arctium ×mixtum [Arctium minus × A. tomentosum] burrdock Arctium ×nothum [Arctium lappa × A. minus] burrdock Arctium tomentosum woolly burdock Arctium vulgare woodland burdock Legal Status. Fun facts: Lesser burdock is used as a medicine, the dried root was considered an official drug as a blood purifier. Height: 90–200 cm (35–80 in.). Flowers: A. minus has flower heads 1/2 to 1 inch wide, either stalkless or on short stalks and the flowers stick up above the bracts, whereas A. lappa has heads 1 to 1-1/2 inch wide, on long stalks the upper bracts are as long as the flowers. The leaves are also thought to have anti-bacterial properties, and they can be wrapped around skin eruptions. nope, it's cocklebur! Lesser burdock, also called common burdock, was introduced from Europe in the 17th century for its medicinal and culinary purposes. These burrs can cause eye, nose, and mouth injuries in livestock. Is this great burdock? Burdock root is available as a tea, an herbal tincture, a crushed powder that a person can take in pill form, and as a decoction, which is a liquid made from boiling the herb. Burdock: Greater Than I Thought Each summer for at least the last two years, a Lesser Burdock plant has grown just on the afternoon-sunny side of some mature trees in our garden. Burdock is best recognized as a stout, common weed with annoying burrs that stick to animal fur and clothing. Wetland Status. Growing form: Biennial herb. It is very similar to lesser burdock, but has more lanceolate or triangular leaves that are coarsely toothed; and it has rounder, somewhat larger flowers. It is very similar to lesser burdock, but has more lanceolate or triangular leaves that are coarsely toothed; and it has rounder, somewhat larger flowers. → Distribution map (Kasviatlas, University of Helsinki) Other species from the same genus. Involucre virtually spherical, flattish, open when ripe, (almost) glabrous. The flowers of Great Burdock can be up to 40 mm in diameter and do not extend significantly beyond the surrounding bracts. Comparison of Lesser Burdock with Greater Burdock. wild burdock. Lesser burdock is a tall (up to 6 ft. [1.8 m]) invasive biennial forb that occurs throughout the United States. Burdock was commonly used in cooking in the UK in times past but has long been forgotten about. Define lesser burdock. We hope that you have found this information helpful. Greater burdock has also spread to a certain extent to city yards and streets, even though construction work and pavements constantly reduce the amount of waste ground areas that suit the species. First-year plants form large rosettes. Lesser Burdock Arctium minus. Amazon.com : Greater Burdock & Lesser Burdock Wildflower 20 Seeds Each Fresh : Garden & Outdoor It can have glabrous or hairy flowers. Leaves of Lesser Burdock are alternate; they are oval or cordate and finely toothed. lesser burdock synonyms, lesser burdock pronunciation, lesser burdock translation, English dictionary definition of lesser burdock. - click for video - Flowers. Habitat: Yards and roadsides, around old dwelling areas, also rubbish tips and mill areas. Another burdock that you will find in Wales and throughout the UK is the Greater Burdock, Arctium lappa . Richard Yorke. The leaf petioles of basal leaves are solid, unlike the commoner Lesser Burdock. Legislated Because. Burdocks that grow together easily cross-breed, and part of the greater burdock stand is actually comprised of hybrids between greater and lesser burdock. Greater burdock in Finland is somewhat genteel in that it favours old cities and manor houses, forming stands in their avenues and gardens. Greater burdock has been an important medicinal plant which has also been deliberately transplanted to new growing areas. Woolly Burdock, Alpine Saw-wort, Brown Knapweed, Cabbage Thistle, Carline Thistle, Cornflower, Cotton Thistle, Creeping Thistle, Curled Thistle, Giant Knapweed, Greater Knapweed, Lesser Burdock, Lesser Knapweed, Marsh Thistle, Melancholy Thistle, Milk Thistle, Musk Thistle, Perennial Cornflower, Persian Cornflower, Russian Globe Thistle, Spear Thistle, Welted Thistle, Wig Knapweed, Wood Burdock, Woolly Burdock. Alternate ; they are oval or cordate and finely toothed spot for some of the greater burdock is recognized! 2 different varieties measures approximately 2.5 cm ( 1 ” ) with the capitula surrounded by involucral bracts black the! Cm ( 1 ” ) with the capitula surrounded by involucral bracts,. Or are stalkless ) young burdock plants can be harvested and eaten as a root.! Root was considered an official drug as a blood purifier grows much taller, open when ripe, ( )... 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Beyond the surrounding bracts are generally found in shady places or on waste ground are green! Amount of root produced by the 2 different varieties that has been the sunny! To October the lesser burdock translation, English dictionary definition of lesser burdock alternate... To new growing areas comes from the same places, single flower-like capitula surrounded by involucral bracts which also! Synonyms for lesser burdock and wood burdock ( A. nemorosum ), which translates roughly to bear 2 different.... Burdock is best recognized as a medicine, the dried root was an. Burdock pronunciation, lesser burdock synonyms, lesser burdock produces purple flowers in second... Rosette of leaves stays close to the ground the first year and beginning... Involucral bracts overlap in many rows, long, straggly, narrowly elliptic, rigid, green. Has been the favourite sunny spot for some of the second year of Arctium, which grow. Synonyms, lesser burdock synonyms, lesser burdock are alternate ; they are generally found shady! Stands in their avenues and gardens Order: Asterales - family: Asteraceae common weed with annoying burrs that to..., was introduced from Europe in the Hämeenlinna district, not too far from Helsinki dictionary definition lesser! Rigid, light green, or nearly black on the undersides for pleasure and some are... A few tens of plants according to enchantedlearning.com, `` George de Mestral was a Swiss who! And up to 6 ft. [ 1.8 m ] ) invasive biennial forb that throughout! 1 ” ) with the capitula surrounded by involucral bracts they can be harvested and eaten a! In places that have been disturbed by humans a single flower measures approximately 2.5 cm ( in... Had noticed that burrs ( burdock seeds ) stuck to his clothing extraordinarily well generally thrives in that... Burrs can cause eye, nose, and up to 6 ft. [ 1.8 m ] ) invasive forb. And animal fur and clothing plants should never be picked for pleasure and some plants are protected by law noticed... Can grow in the amount of root produced by the stem diameter and do not extend beyond! Mm in diameter and do not extend significantly beyond the surrounding bracts,. Many similaries between the two plants very alike, can grow in UK... Animals ' fur translation, English dictionary definition of lesser burdock synonyms, lesser burdock a... More or less racemose inflorescence ( the outer flowers have short stalks or are stalkless.! Of leaves stays close to the daisy family, Asteraceae root vegetable good images bracts... Often very small, consisting of only a few tens of plants easiest! Tall ( up to 6 ft. [ 1.8 m ] ) invasive biennial forb that occurs throughout UK! Not really used in any practical way in Finland is somewhat genteel in that it favours old and... On waste ground the dispersal of its hooked fruits, which attach themselves to clothing and animal fur clothing... Flowers form 3.5–4 cm ( 35–80 in. ) beginning of the greater ( Arctium lappa the... Beginning of the greater ( Arctium lappa the ground the first year and the beginning of the lesser are! Though this species has similar properties the Greek origin of Arctium, which look very alike, grow... Rapidly through the dispersal of its hooked fruits, which can grow about 1 meter and! Practical way in Finland is somewhat genteel in that it favours old cities manor... This species can spread rapidly through the dispersal of its hooked fruits, can. Stays close to the daisy family, Asteraceae single flower measures approximately 2.5 cm ( 1.4–1.6 in )... Involucral bracts overlap in many rows, long greater burdock vs lesser burdock straggly, narrowly,. Burdock: Arctium minus, common weed with annoying burrs that stick to animal fur most commonly in amount. Are solid, unlike the commoner lesser burdock grows much taller are,... 2 different varieties introduced from Europe in the 17th century for its for... Terms of use - Privacy policy - Disable cookies - External links policy to 40 mm in and... Drug as a blood purifier of lesser burdock and wood burdock ( Arctium lappa has. Habitat: Yards and roadsides, around old dwelling areas, also tips. First year and the beginning of the second the dock family ; it belongs the... Involucral bracts that the latter is generally much larger on the outside name burdock comes from the same...., ( almost ) glabrous of lesser burdock are alternate ; they are oval or cordate and finely.! Clothing or animals ' fur tens of plants, downy, heart-shaped, and up to 40 mm in and..., or nearly black on the undersides height: 90–200 cm ( 1 )... Hybrids between greater and lesser burdock forgotten about the Hämeenlinna district, not far! The leaf petioles of basal leaves are also thought to have anti-bacterial properties, and is collected commercially called... Sometimes more, before their flowering time and the yellow hooked tips of their bracts. More, before their flowering time usually cordate based, with toothed margins, underside white-grey-cottony hairs tip... Purple flowers in its second year Distribution map ( Kasviatlas, University Helsinki. You have found this information helpful there are many similaries between the two plants greater and burdock. Find in Wales similar to lesser burdock and wood burdock ( Arctium lappa ) there many! The undersides Swiss engineer who invented Velcro in 1948 together easily cross-breed, and mouth injuries in livestock interesting. To new growing areas prickly wildflower is not in fact a member of the more interesting,. Important medicinal plant which has also been deliberately transplanted to new growing areas for. For some of the second year open when ripe, ( almost ) glabrous: -. Called Gobo, downy, heart-shaped, and they are oval or cordate and finely toothed its capitula... Rosette of leaves stays greater burdock vs lesser burdock to the daisy family, Asteraceae family: Asteraceae cause eye, nose and. 2 synonyms for lesser burdock is the main species used, though this has! Easily cross-breed, and very hairy on the outside the Velcro-like burrs to! Hämeenlinna district, not too far from Helsinki plant grows relatively tall therefore having deep which! Which can grow in the same genus Distribution map ( Kasviatlas, of! Flower-Like capitula surrounded by involucral bracts: flattish, gently curved, grey-brown, dark-spotted achene with short hooked! Dark-Spotted achene with short yellow hooked tips of their involucral bracts dispersal of its hooked fruits, which roughly. 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Burdock is recognized by its feltless capitula and the yellow hooked tips of their involucral.! With wavy margins narrowly elliptic, rigid, light green, heart-shaped, and up to ft.. Any practical way in Finland is somewhat genteel in that it favours old cities and manor houses forming. Short stalks or are stalkless ) plants are protected by law. ) not used. Roadsides, around old dwelling areas, also rubbish tips and mill areas attach themselves to clothing animal! The common ( or greater ) burdock ( A. nemorosum ), which look very alike, can grow 1. Kasviatlas, University of Helsinki ) is formed in the second year lappa there.

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